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This brief snapshot was conducted in recognition of the healthcare and healthcare access challenges facing displaced communities in central Rakhine State amid the COVID-19 pandemic and related prevention measures. The objective of this snapshot is to provide humanitarian actors and donors with some understanding of how these communities perceive local healthcare services and their difficulties in accessing these services.
The Myanmar government designated the Arakan Army (AA) a terrorist organization on 23 March 2020. Since then, the Myanmar military, as a means to suppress the insurgency in Rakhine State, has increasingly used the 2014 Counter Terrorism Law (CT Law) to arrest and sue local people alleged to have ties to the AA. In fact, the military began to open criminal cases under this law months before the AA was declared a terrorist organisation.
The Arakan Army (AA) are expanding their presence and territory throughout Rakhine and southern Chin states. As a result, many local administrative posts (village tract administrators and ward administrators) are now effectively required to serve multiple masters with competing priorities.
This paper briefly explores the experiences of Rohingya communities displaced to Bangladesh as well as those remaining in northern Rakhine. Though conditions in both locations remain dire, Rohingya communities are finding creative ways to navigate the challenges they face.